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Apollo 14

By Marty McDowell

The planned landing site for the Apollo 13 mission, Fra Mauro, contains some of the most clearly exposed geological formations that are characteristic of the Fra Mauro Formation. The formation is an extensive geological unit that is distributed -- in an approximately radially symmetric fashion around the Mare Imbrium -- over much of the nearside of the Moon.

After the Apollo 13 mission failed to achieve a lunar landing, the importance of the Fra Mauro landing site led to a decision to attempt a landing in the same area during the Apollo 14 mission. The final landing site was very close to that chosen for the Apollo 13 mission.

  Facts and Figures
Apollo 14

An excellent view of the Apollo 14 Lunar Module (LM) on the Moon, as photographed during the first Apollo 14 extravehicular activity on the lunar surface. The astronauts have already deployed the U.S. flag. Note the Laser Ranging Retro Reflector (LR-3) at the foot of the LM ladder.

NASA image

Commander Alan Shepard Jr. and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar D. Mitchell performed lunar surface experiments that differed somewhat from those planned for the Apollo 13 mission. The crew's traverse capability was improved by the addition of the Modularized Equipment Transporter, which is a light, hand-drawn cart that enabled the crew to transport tools and samples with greater ease. Two moon walks occurred, both totaling 9 hours and 21 minutes. Just before ending the last moon walk, Alan Shepard became the first person to hit a golf ball on the Moon.

After lunar liftoff, the Lunar Module rendezvoused with the Command Module piloted by Stuart Roosa.

 

Source: NASA.

 

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Space References (Books):
Dickinson, Terence. Nightwatch: A Practical Guide to Viewing the Universe. Firefly Books, 1998.
Greene, Brian. Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory. Vintage, 2000.
Hawking, Stephen. Illustrated Brief History of Time, Updated and Expanded Edition. Bantam, 1996.
Hawking, Stephen. Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe. New Millenium, 2002.
Hawking, Stephen. The Universe in a Nutshell. Bantam, 2001.
Kaku, Michio. Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps and the Tenth Dimension.
Kranz, Gene. Failure Is Not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond. Berkley Pub Group, 2001.
Sagan, Carl; Druyan, Ann. Comet, Revised Edition. Ballantine, 1997
Sagan, Carl. Cosmos, Reissue Edition. Ballantine, 1993
Sagan, Carl. Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space. Ballantine, 1997

Space References (Videos):
Cosmos. PBS, 2000.
Stephen Hawking's Universe. PBS, 1997.
Hyperspace. BBC, 2002.
Life Beyond Earth PBS, 1999.
The Planets
. BBC, 1999.
Understanding The Universe. A&E, 1996.

 

SPACE SPECS

Official Apollo 14 patch

Courtesy of NASA

Launched: January 31, 1971

Destination: Moon

Arrival: February 5, 1971

Return: February 9, 1971

Nation: U.S.

Mission: Lunar landing


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